Competing Interests

Conflict of Interest/ Competing Interests

Margalla Papers adheres to the Conflict-of-Interest policy recommended by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). In its Guidelines on Good Publication Practice, COPE states that "Conflicts of interest arise when authors, reviewers, or editors have interests that are not fully apparent and that may influence their judgments on what is published."

All individuals involved with a manuscript, including author(s), editor(s), reviewer(s), and commenter(s), must declare all potential competing interests. The intent of this policy is not to prevent author(s) with any relationship or interest from publishing their work but rather to adopt transparency such that reviewer(s), editor(s), the publisher, and, most importantly, the reader(s) can make objective judgments about the results.

All authors must indicate, because of their biographical presentation, any conflicts of interest that may affect their proposed publication. 

Funding for research projects (if any) that made the study possible must be indicated.

If author(s) gives no competing interests, it will read, "The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests."

The editorial team of Margalla Papers may decide not to publish a paper if they believe that the competing interests declared by the author(s) have compromised the objectivity or validity of the research, analyses, or interpretations in the paper. If the editorial team finds that author(s) have competing interests not declared upon submission, the manuscript may be rejected, issued a formal correction, or retracted.


While submitting your research paper to Margalla Papers, please include such a declaration at the end of your manuscript.

All forms of financial support, any commercial or financial involvements, and any agreement signed with any sponsor that might present a conflict of interest related to the contribution must be included in the declaration statement/acknowledgment.